The sizes of earth conductors and earth electrodes are almost always chosen from typical sizes as […]
There are two (2) voltage levels used in IEC, low voltage ( < 1000 V ) […]
In previous articles Single Earth Electrode and Earthing Resistance Calculation, I have presented methods of calculating […]
The resistance of a single earth can be calculated if the soil resistivity is known. An […]
IEC 60079-14 (2007) Clause 8.2 Electrical isolation, states that: To allow work to be carried out […]
The Philippine Electrical Code allows a Metal Underground Water Pipe as a grounding electrode. 2.50.3.3(A)(1) Metal […]