In previous tutorials for the MVA method, we have discussed the importance of Short Circuit Study, combining KVAs and Short Circuit Calculations for three (3) phase and single phase faults. In this part of the tutorial, we will be discussing about Load Flow and Voltage Dips during motor starting.

We shall be using the same single line diagram as in the previous tutorial, except that the 2 x 150 MVa motors at the 400V Bus are now separate. We will calculate the Load Flow and Voltage dips for starting a 150MVA motor at the 400V Bus when all loads are running.

Load Factor

19 thoughts on “MVA Method Load Flow Calculation

  1. gillrn Reply

    PLEASE I NEED A PDF ebook with so many examples, on how to calculate load flow calculation using MVA method

  2. ver Post authorReply

    Do not be sorry, we encourage discussions here. It is a virtue to ask when unsure.

  3. iam Reply

    Thank you, the answer is on the article. I’m sorry i don’t read carefully.

  4. iam Reply

    Likely 0.9 from MVA Starting Motor, 0.15 and 0.596 from MVAsc Motor. where are 5.44; 2,97 ; 0,49 ; 1,98 came from?
    May I have more explanations of Voltage Drop?

  5. iam Reply

    Dear Sir,
    I apologize if i do not understand at items below,
    for Vd = 2.97 / (2.97 + 0.9) = 76.7 % or 306.8 V
    Where is 2.97 come from?
    Thank you so much,

    • ver Post authorReply

      That value was taken from 5.44 * (0.9 / (0.9+0.15+0.596)) = 2.97

  6. jonner Reply

    How to find Zero Sequence MVA:

    if a synchronous motor (y/ wye and netral connected to gound ):
    synchronous motor, nameplate: 2000KW ( 2.219MVA )
    impedance ( xd”=15.38, x2=15.38, x0=15.38 )
    dynamic model equivalent ( xd=110%, Xdu=116.93%, xd’=23%, XL=11% )
    Locked rotor , LRC= 453.5%
    pf =14.8%
    grounding connection ( Y. type resistor )

    Any information you could supply would be very welcome

  7. Ver Post authorReply


    as they load are in parallel, the MVAs should be added. The answer was correct, it was a typo on the formula. Thanks for picking that up.

  8. orlyboy Reply

    How come the upstream value at 400V bus is 1.65 MVA?
    As in the figure shows (1/0.9)+(1/0.15)+(1/0.596) = 9.4556
    1/9.4556 is approximately 0.105757.

    How come it is 1.65?

    Kindly explain

  9. orlyboy Reply


    What is meant by MVA?
    Is it Mega Volt Ampere or Mean Value Analysis?


  10. artem Reply

    I salute you sir for sharing your knowledge and expertise, thank you very much..god bless.

  11. Ver Post authorReply

    Hi artem,

    I have updated the article. I hope it will be much clearer at this time.


  12. artem Reply

    I’m sorry sir Ver but i have additional query about the voltage dip or voltage drop upon starting the motor 150kva on the system which draws a power of 0.9 MVA..I have a result by hand calculations at 400V Bus: 77.22%, at 6.6kV: 87.72%, at 11kV: 89.28% which is a little different result on your MVA Diagram as shown that at 400V Bus: 76.7% (shown calculation), at 6.6kV Bus: 80.6%, at 11kV Bus: 90% and 33kV Bus: 96.6%.
    Please help me sir, how did you perform this calculations.. thank you..

  13. artem Reply

    exactly sir ver, this helps a lot. thank you very much..mabuhay ka and god bless.

  14. Ver Post authorReply

    Hi artem,

    Here is how the values were taken.

    Upstream Values:
    67.33MVA = 112.27MVA*(7.49/{7.49+5})

    44.94MVA = 112.27MVA*(5/{7.49+5})
    The sum will be:
    44.94MVA + 67.33MVA = 112.27MVA

    Downstream Values:
    8.55MVA = 12.49MVA*(76.87/{76.87+35.4})

    3.94MVA = 12.49MVA*(35.4/{76.87+35.4})

    The sum will be:
    3.94MVA + 8.55MVA = 12.49MVA

    Hope this helps.

  15. artem Reply

    @ 11kv bus as per mva diagram,
    upstream values mva are 67.33 (transfo. 2) and 44.94 (motor 5mva)
    downstream values mva are 8.55 (transfo. 1) and 3.94 (generator side)..
    Please help me to explain sir how did these values came. How to perform this calculation…Thank you.

  16. Ver Post authorReply

    Hi Tiong,

    Motor MVAs in load flow calculation is the rated motor MVA, not the short circuit MVA

  17. tiong Reply

    Quoted” 1. Motor MVAs are equal to the rated Equivalent MVAs.”

    I wish to confirm that Motor MVAs is the short circuit MVA please? Thank you

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.