# Philippine Electrical Code Part 1/Chapter 2. Wiring and Protection/Article 2.0 - Use And Identification Of Grounded Conductors

## Article 2.0 - Use And Identification Of Grounded Conductors

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This is not an official copy of the Philippine Electrical Code. This is a Design Guide according to the provisions of the Philippine Electrical Code. It also provides interpretation and annotations of the clauses of the Philippine Electrical Code. Any information, interpretation and/or annotation presented herein are based on personal opinion of the authors and does not represent the official interpretation of the Philippine Electrical Code.

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#### 2.0.1.1 Scope.

(1) Identification of terminals
(2) Grounded conductors in premises wiring systems
(3) Identification of grounded conductors

FPN: See Article 1.0 for definitions of Grounded Conductor and Grounding Conductor.

#### 2.0.1.2 General.

All premises wiring systems, other than circuits and systems exempted or prohibited by 2.10.1.10, 2.15.1.7, 2.50.2.2, 2.50.2.3, 2.50.8.3, 5.3.3.56, 5.17.4.4, 6.68.1.11, 6.68.1.21, and 6.90.5.1 Exception, shall have a grounded conductor that is identified in accordance with 2.0.1.6.

The grounded conductor, where insulated, shall have insulation that is

(1) suitable, other than color, for any ungrounded conductor of the same circuit on circuits of less than 1000 volts or impedance grounded neutral systems of 1 kV and over, or
(2) rated not less than 600 volts for solidly grounded neutral systems of 1 kV and over as described in 2.50.10.5(a).

#### 2.0.1.3 Connection to Grounded System.

Premises wiring shall not be electrically connected to a supply system unless the latter contains, for any grounded conductor of the interior system, a corresponding conductor that is grounded. For the purpose of this section, electrically connected shall mean connected so as to be capable of carrying current, as distinguished from connection through electromagnetic induction.

#### 2.0.1.6 Means of Identifying Grounded Conductors.

##### (a) Sizes 14 mm2 or Smaller.

An insulated grounded conductor of 14 mm2 or smaller shall be identified by a continuous white or gray outer finish or by three continuous white stripes on other than green insulation along its entire length. Wires that have their outer covering finished to show a white or gray color but have colored tracer threads in the braid identifying the source of manufacture shall be considered as meeting the provisions of this section. Insulated grounded conductors shall also be permitted to be identified as follows:

(1) The grounded conductor of a mineral-insulated, metal- sheathed cable shall be identified at the time of installation by distinctive marking at its terminations.
(2) A single-conductor, sunlight-resistant, outdoor-rated cable used as a grounded conductor in photovoltaic power systems as permitted by 6.90.4.1 shall be identified at the time of installation by distinctive white marking at all terminations.
(3) Fixture wire shall comply with the requirements for grounded conductor identification as specified in 4.2.1.8.
(4) For aerial cable, the identification shall be as above, or by means of a ridge located on the exterior of the cable so as to identify it.
##### (b) Sizes Larger Than 14 mm2.

An insulated grounded conductor larger than 14 mm2 shall be identified by one of the following means:

(1) By a continuous white or gray outer finish.
(2) By three continuous white stripes along its entire length on other than green insulation.
(3) At the time of installation, by a distinctive white or gray marking at its terminations. This marking shall encircle the conductor or insulation.
##### (c) Flexible Cords.

An insulated conductor that is intended for use as a grounded conductor, where contained within a flexible cord, shall be identified by a white or gray outer finish or by methods permitted by 4.0.2.3.

##### (d) Grounded Conductors of Different Systems.

Where grounded conductors of different systems are installed in the same raceway, cable, box, auxiliary gutter, or other type of enclosure, each grounded conductor shall be identified by system. Identification that distinguishes each system grounded conductor shall be permitted by one of the following means:

(1) One system grounded conductor shall have an outer covering conforming to 2.0.1.6(a) or 2.0.1.6(b).
(2) The grounded conductor(s) of other systems shall have a different outer covering conforming to 2.0.1.6(a) or 2.0.1.6(b) or by an outer covering of white or gray with a readily distinguishable colored stripe other than green running along the insulation.
(3) Other and different means of identification as allowed by 2.0.1.6(a) or 2.0.1.6(b) that will distinguish each system grounded conductor.

This means of identification shall be permanently posted at each branch-circuit panelboard.

##### (e) Grounded Conductors of Multiconductor Cables.

The insulated grounded conductors in a multiconductor cable shall be identified by a continuous white or gray outer finish or by three continuous white stripes on other than green insulation along its entire length. Multiconductor flat cable 22 mm2 or larger shall be permitted to employ an external ridge on the grounded conductor.

Exception No. 1: Where the conditions of maintenance and supervision ensure that only licensed electrical practitioner or non licensed electrical practitioner under the supervision of a licensed electrical practitioner service the installation, grounded conductors in multiconductor cables shall be permitted to be permanently identified at their terminations at the time of installation by a distinctive white marking or other equally effective means.

Exception No. 2: The grounded conductor of a multiconductor varnished-cloth-insulated cable shall be permitted to be identified at its terminations at the time of installation by a distinctive white marking or other equally effective means.

FPN: The color gray may have been used in the past as an ungrounded conductor. Care should be taken when working on existing systems.

#### 2.0.1.7 Use of Insulation of a White or Gray Color or with Three Continuous White Stripes.

##### (a) General.

The following shall be used only for the grounded circuit conductor, unless otherwise permitted in 2.0.1.7(b) and 2.0.1.7(c):

(1) A conductor with continuous white or gray covering
(2) A conductor with three continuous white stripes on other than green insulation
(3) A marking of white or gray color at the termination
##### (b) Circuits of Less Than 50 Volts.

A conductor with white or gray color insulation or three continuous white stripes or having a marking of white or gray at the termination for circuits of less than 50 volts shall be required to be grounded only as required by 2.50.2.1(a).

##### (c) Circuits of 50 Volts or More.

The use of insulation that is white or gray or that has three continuous white stripes for other than a grounded conductor for circuits of 50 volts or more shall be permitted only as in (1) through (3).

(1) If part of a cable assembly and where the insulation is permanently reidentified to indicate its use as an ungrounded conductor, by painting or other effective means at its termination, and at each location where the conductor is visible and accessible. Identification shall encircle the insulation and shall be a color other than white, gray, or green.
(2) Where a cable assembly contains an insulated conductor for single-pole, 3-way or 4-way switch loops and the conductor with white or gray insulation or a marking of three continuous white stripes is used for the supply to the switch but not as a return conductor from the switch to the switched outlet. In these applications, the conductor with white or gray insulation or with three continuous white stripes shall be permanently reidentified to indicate its use by painting or other effective means at its terminations and at each location where the conductor is visible and accessible.
(3) Where a flexible cord, having one conductor identified by a white or gray outer finish or three continuous white stripes or by any other means permitted by 4.0.2.3, is used for connecting an appliance or equipment permitted by 4.0.1.7. This shall apply to flexible cords connected to outlets whether or not the outlet is supplied by a circuit that has a grounded conductor.

FPN: The color gray may have been used in the past as an ungrounded conductor. Care should be taken when working on existing systems.

#### 2.0.1.9 Means of Identification of Terminals.

The identification of terminals to which a grounded conductor is to be connected shall be substantially white in color. The identification of other terminals shall be of a readily distinguishable different color.

Exception: Where the conditions of maintenance and supervision ensure that only licensed electrical practitioner or non licensed electrical practitioner under the supervision of a licensed electrical practitioner service the installations, terminals for grounded conductors shall be permitted to be permanently identified at the time of installation by a distinctive white marking or other equally effective means.

#### 2.0.1.10 Identification of Terminals.

##### (a) Device Terminals.

All devices, excluding panelboards, provided with terminals for the attachment of conductors and intended for connection to more than one side of the circuit shall have terminals properly marked for identification, unless the electrical connection of the terminal intended to be connected to the grounded conductor is clearly evident.

Exception: Terminal identification shall not be required for devices that have a normal current rating of over 30 amperes, other than polarized attachment plugs and polarized receptacles for attachment plugs as required in 2.0.1.10(b).

##### (b) Receptacles, Plugs, and Connectors.

Receptacles, polarized attachment plugs, and cord connectors for plugs and polarized plugs shall have the terminal intended for connection to the grounded conductor identified as follows:

(1) Identification shall be by a metal or metal coating that is substantially white in color or by the word white or the letter W located adjacent to the identified terminal.
(2) If the terminal is not visible, the conductor entrance hole for the connection shall be colored white or marked with the word white or the letter W.

FPN: See 2.50.6.17 for identification of wiring device equipment grounding conductor terminals.

##### (c) Screw Shells.

For devices with screw shells, the terminal for the grounded conductor shall be the one connected to the screw shell.

##### (d) Screw Shell Devices with Leads.

For screw shell devices with attached leads, the conductor attached to the screw shell shall have a white or gray finish. The outer finish of the other conductor shall be of a solid color that will not be confused with the white or gray finish used to identify the grounded conductor.

FPN: The color gray may have been used in the past as an ungrounded conductor. Care should be taken when working on existing systems.

##### (e) Appliances.

Appliances that have a single-pole switch or a single-pole overcurrent device in the line or any line-connected screw shell lampholders, and that are to be connected by (1) a permanent wiring method or (2) field-installed attachment plugs and cords with three or more wires (including the equipment grounding conductor), shall have means to identify the terminal for the grounded circuit conductor (if any).

#### 2.0.1.11 Polarity of Connections.

No grounded conductor shall be attached to any terminal or lead so as to reverse the designated polarity.